July 2014 Vol. 1(3), pp. 030-035
Copyright © 2014 Transcontinental Publishers  


Full Length Research Paper

Postpartum hemorrhage and weight gain during pregnancy

Yazdanpanahi Z1, Haghpanah S2, Babaei AH3 and Hajifoghaha M1*

1The Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2Hematology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Accepted 02 July, 2014

*Corresponding Author E-mail: foghaha2000@yahoo.com; Tel: 98711 6474256; Fax: 98 711 6474252


weight gain in pregnancy may be a potential risk factor for both mother and infant. Weight gain during pregnancy determine base on Body Mass Index before pregnancy. Excessive gestational weight gain can cause complications for the mother such as Postpartum Hemorrhage. Approximately, forty percent of maternal mortality is attributed to excess bleeding after childbirth. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between gestational weight gain with Postpartum Hemorrhage and other pregnancy outcomes. In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 476 pregnant women categorized based on their Body Mass Index and weight gain into four groups based on Institute of Medicine recommendations. Then, determined correlation between weight gain during pregnancy with Postpartum Hemorrhage, method of delivery and fetal outcomes. Women with normal weight gain had better pregnancy outcomes. Women with high gestational weight gain had a higher rate of postpartum hemorrhage. Also, there was also a significant difference between cesarean delivery, method of delivery and neonatal weight with weight gain during pregnancy. The findings presented that prenatal care providers should consider women with excessive gestational weight gain at an increased risk unconditionally and they need special care to avoid the pregnancy-associated complications which is best for both infants and their mothers.

Keywords: Pregnancy; Body mass index; Weight gain; Postpartum Hemorrhage

Cite this Reference:

Yazdanpanahi Z, Haghpanah S, Babaei AH and Hajifoghaha M (2014). Postpartum hemorrhage and weight gain during pregnancy . Interlink Continental J. Med. Med. Sci. 1(3): 030-035.