December 2016 Special Issue Vol. 2(4), pp. 039-045
Copyright © 2016 Transcontinental Publishers
Full Length Research Paper
Association between Trichomonas vaginalis infection in pregnant, non-pregnant and HIV-positive women
Patrícia Abreu Pinheiro de Lemos1,3*, Rosane Silva Carneiro de Araújo2 and Waldemar Naves do Amaral3, 4
1Laboratório São Francisco de Assis
2Laboratório Alpha DNA
3Tropical Diseases Hospital in Goiás, Postgraduate grogram in Health Sciences/ Federal University of Goiás
4Dona Iris General and Maternity Hospital.
E-mail: patrícia.firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone number: (62) 998067263
Accepted 07 January, 2017
Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan responsible for the sexually transmitted disease trichomonosis. The objective of the present study was to evaluate and compare the frequency of the parasite in groups of pregnant, non-pregnant, and HIV-positive womenaccording with five different techniques and establishing a putative correlation between trichomonosis and immunodeficiency status.The study population was pregnant women receiving care at Dona Iris Hospital and Maternity Unit (100), non-pregnant attending health care at the Federal University of Goiás’ Teaching Hospital (106) and HIV-positive women attending an outpatient clinic at the Tropical Diseases Hospital in Goiás (103) in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) wet mount microscopy, culture, Papanicolaou (Pap) smears, and a stained preparation from cultured T. vaginalis were the five techniques used. In this study, HIV-positive women presented a higher chance of acquiring trichomonosis (OR= 2,26). There was a higher risk of association between the infection and pre-cancerous lesions diagnosed by Papanicolaou’s method. PCR was considered the gold standard. The comparative study showed the frequency of T. vaginalis in three groups of women in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
Keywords: Trichomonas vaginalis, pregnant women, HIV, diagnostic techniques, uterine neoplasms, immunossupression.
Cite this Reference:
de Lemos PAP, de Araújo RSC, do Amaral WN (2016). Association between Trichomonas vaginalis infection in pregnant, non-pregnant and HIV-positive women. Interlink Continental J. Med. Med. Sci. 2(4): 039-045.